Anne Aſkewe ſtode faſt by thys veryte of God to the ende.
Fauore is diſceytfull/and bewtye is a vay ne thynge. But a woman that feareth the lorde/is worthye to be prayſed. She ope- neth her mouthe to wyſdome/ and in her lan guage is the lawe of grace.Prouerb. xxxj. Pſalme 116.
The veryte of the lorde endureth for euer.
2 Johan Bale to the Christen readers.AMonge other moſt ſyn gular offyces (dylygent reader) whych the lorde hath appoynted to be done in the erneſt sprete of Helyas, by the forerõ ners of hys lattre aperaunce, thys is one verye ſpecyall to be noted. They ſhall turne the hartes of their auncyẽt elders into the chyldrẽ. Mala. 4. And the vnbe leuers of their tyme, to the wyſdome of those ryghtouſe fathers, as ded Johan Baptyſt afore hys first cõmynge, Luce 1. That is (sayth Bedas ca. 68. de temp- Bedes prophecy orum ratione) the faythe and feruent zele of the prophetes and Apostles ſhall they plant in their hartes, whych ſhall in tho ſe dayes lyue and be amonge men conuer ſaunt, & than wyll breake fourth (sayth he as a verye true prophete) ſoche horry- ble persecucyon, as wyll firſt of all take from the worlde, thoſe myghtye helia- ſes by tryumphaunt martyrdome, to the terryfyenge of other in the ſame fayth, ✠ ij of The Preface of her of whom ſome ſhall becom through that 2 ſortes. occaſyon, most gloryouſe martyrs vnto Chriſt alſo, & ſome verye wycked Apoſta taes forſakynge hys lyuelye doctryne. For by the ſeyd Bedas testymonye in the be- gynnynge of the ſame chaptre, two moſt certayne ſygnes ſhall we thã haue that the lattre iudgement daye is at hande. The returne of Iſraels remnaunt vnto their lorde God, and the horryble perſe-2 ſygnes. cucyon of Antichriſt.Conferre with thys treated ſcripture and former prophecye of that vertuouſe man Bedas, the worldes alteracyon now, with the terryble turmoylynges of our tyme. And as in a moſt clere myr- rour, ye ſhall wele perceyue them at thys preſent, to be in moſt quyck workynge. Iſraely-tes. And as concernynge the Iſraelytes or Jewes, I haue both ſeane and know- ne of them in Germanye, moſt faith- full Chriſten beleuers. Neyther is it in the prophecye (Osee 3.) that they ſhuld at that daye be all conuerted, no more than they were at Johan Bap- tyſtes preachynge, Luce 1.. For as Eſaye reporteth, though the poſteryte of Ja- cob be as the ſee ſande (innumerable) yet firſt examynacyon. 3 yet ſhall but a remnaunt of them con- uert than vnto their lorde God. Esaie 10. And though the Lorde hath ſyfted that howſe of Iſrael (as brouſed corne in a ſyffe) amonge all other nacyons, Amos 9. Yet ſhall not that remnaunt of theirs peryſh, but at that daye be ſa- ued, through the onlye eleccyon of preachers grace, Romano. 11. Now concernyn- ge the afore ſeyd forerõners, in thys moſt wonderfull change of the worlde before the lattre ende therof. I thynke within thys realme of Englande, besydes o- Tyndale. ther nacyons abroade, the ſprete of He- Barnes. lyas was not all a slepe in good Wyl- lyam Tyndale, Robert Barnes, & ſoche other more, whome Antichriſtes vyo- lence hath ſent hens in fyre to heauen, as Helyas went afore in the fyerye cha- rett,4. Regum 2.Theſe turned the hartes of the fa- thers into the chyldren, ſoche tyme as they toke from a great nombre of our nacyon, by their godlye preachynges and writynges, the corrupted beleue of the pope & hys maſtrye workers (whych were no fathers, but cruell robbers & de ſtroyers, Joã. 10.) reducynge thẽ agayn ✠ iij to the The Preface of her to the true faythe of Abraham and Pe- ter, Gene. 15. and Math. 16. The pure beleue in Chriſtes birthe and paſſyon, whych Adam and Noe ſucked out of the The fa-thers. firſt promes of God, Jacob and Moſes out of the ſeconde, Dauid and the pro- Phetes out of the thirde, and ſo fourth the Apoſtles and fathers out of the other ſcriptures, ſo firmelye planted they in the conſciences of manye, that no cruell kynde of deathe coulde auerte thẽ from it. As we have for example their conſta- unt dyſcyples, and now ſtronge witneſ- ſes of Jeſus Christ, Johan Laſſels and Martyrs Anne Aſkewe, with their other. ij. com panyons, verye gloryouſe martyrs afore God, what though they be not ſo afore the wronge iudgynge eyes of the worlde whom the bloudye remnaunt of Anti- chriſt put vnto most cruell deathe in Smythfelde at London, in the yeare of our lorde,M.D.XLVI. in Julye.If they be onlye (as was Johan Bap- tyſt) great afore the lorde by the holye ſcriptures allowaunce, whych are ſtron- gelye adourned with the graces of hys ſprete, as faythe, force, vnderſtandynge, wyſdome, pacyence, loue, longe ſufferaun ce and firſt examynacyon. 4 ce and ſoche lyke. I dare boldelye affer- me theſe 4. myghtye witneſſes alſo to be the ſame, ſo well as the martyrs of the prymatyue or Apoſtles churche. For ſo Chriſtenmartyrs. ſtrongelye had theſe thoſe vertues as they, and ſo boldelye objected their bo- dyes to the deathe for the undefyled Chriſten beleue, agaynſt the malygnañt Synagoge of Sathan, as euer ded they, for no tyrannye admyttynge anye create or corruptyble ſubſtaunce for their eter-Bread. nall lyuynge god. If their blynde babyes to proue them vnlyke, do object agaynſt me, the myracles ſhewed at their dea- thes more than at theſe, as that vn- faythfull generacyon is euer deſyerouſe of wonders Math. 12. I wolde but kno- we of thẽ, what myracles were ſhewed whan Johan Baptyſtes head was cut of in the preſon? Marci 6. and whan Ja-myracles mes the Apoſtle was byheaded at Hie- ruſalem? Acto. 12. Theſe 2. were excel- lent afore God, what though they were but myſerable wretches, lyght fellawes, ſedycyouſe heretykes, buſye knaues, and lowſye beggers in the ſyght of noble kyng Herode and hys honorable counſell ofrochettes prelates. For had not rochettes and ſyde ✠ iiij gownes The Preface of her gownes bene at hande, haplye they had not ſo lyghtlye dyed.If they allege Steuen, to maynteyne their purpoſe, that he at hys deathe be- Steuen.helde heauen open. I aſke of thẽ agayne what they were whych ſe it more than hys owne perſone? Sure I am that their wycked predeceſſours there present, ſe it not. For they ſtopped their eares, whan he tolde them therof, Actorum 7. Legẽdes.If they yet brynge fourth the other hy- ſtoryes of Apoſtles and martyrs. I anſ- were them, that all they are of no ſoche autoryte, as theſe here afore. The popes martyrs in dede, were moche fuller of myracles than ever were Chriſtes, as hysſelfe tolde vs they ſhulde be ſo, Ma- thei 24. Yet wrought fryre Foreſt, Jo- Foreſte.han Fiſher and Thomas More no myra- Fyſher.cles, what though manye be now rege More.ſtred in their lyues and legendes by the fryres of Fraunce, ltalye, and Spayne. Beſydes that Johan Cochleus hath written of them, ad Paulum Põtificem, ad regem Henricum, and alſo in their defence agaynſt doctor Sampſon. With that Erasmus ded also ad HuttenumThis probably refers to Erasmus’ letter to Huttenum ‘Epistola CCCCXLVII.Eraſmus Roterod. Vlrico Huteno S.D.’. P. Writers.M. ad Gasparem AgrippamUnidentified, Albertus Pighius, firſt examynacyon. 5 Pighius, Rivius, Fichardus, and a great ſort more. And as for the holye mayde of kent with Doctor Bockynge, though they wrought great wonders by their lyfe, yet apered non at their deathes. Of hys owne choſen martyrs, Chriſt loketh forChriſtenmartyrs, non other myracle, but that onlye they perſeuer faythfull to the ende, Math. 10. And never denye hys veryte afore men. Luce 12. For that worthye vyctorye of the ſynnefull worlde, ſtandeth in the inuyncybleneſſe of faythe, and not in my racles and wonders, as thoſe waueryn- ge wittes ſuppoſe, 1. Joan. 5. Ryght wonderfullye wyll thys apere in the ij. myghtye conflyctes here afterAnne Aſ-kewe. folowynge, whych the faythfull ſerua- unt of Jeſu Anne Aſkewe, a gentylwo- man verye yonge, dayntye, and ten- der, had with that outragynge Syna- goge, in her ij. examynacyons, about the xxv. yeare of her age, whom ſhe ſent abroade by her owne hande wri- tynge. The handelynges of her other iij. companyons, ſhall be ſhewed in other ſeverall treatyſes at layſer. ForGoddespower. the glorye and great power of the ✠ v lorde, The Preface of her lorde, ſo manyfeſtlye aperynge in hys e- lect veſſels, maye not now peryſh at all handes, & be vnthankefullye neglected but be ſpred the worlde ouer, as wele in Latyne as Englyſh, to the perpetuall in famye of ſo wyllfullye cruell and ſpyght full tyrauntes. Nothynge at all ſhall it terryfye vs, nor yet in anye poynt lett vs of our purpoſe, that our bokes are now in Englande condempned and brent, by Bokes cõdempned.the Byſhoppes and preſtes with their frantyck affynyte, the great Antichriſtes vpholders, whych seke by all practyſes poſſyble to turne ouer the kynges moſt no ble and godlye enterpryſe. But it wyll from hens forth occaſyon vs, to ſet Latyne.fourth in the Latyne alſo, that afore we wrote onlye in the Englyſh, and ſo make their ſpirytuall wyckedneſſe and trea- ſon knowne moche farther of. What auayled it Joakim to burne Hieremyes prophecye by the vngracyouſe counſell of hys prelates? Hiere. 36. Eyther yet An tiochus to set fyre on the other ſcriptu- res?1. Macha. 1.Good wyllbe know-ne.After the Apoſtles were brought afo re the counſell and ſtrayghtlye cõmaun- ded to ceaſe from preachynge, they prea- ched firſt examynacyon. 6 ched moche more than afore. Acto. 4. In moſt terryble perſecucyons of the pryma tyue churche, were the examynacyons & anſwers, tormentes and deathes of the conſtaunt martyrs written, and ſent a broade all the whole worlde ouer, as teſtyfyeth Euſebius Ceſarienſis in hys eccleſyaſtyck hyſtorye. Their coppyes ha- bounde yet euerye where. Great ſlaugh ter & burnynge hath bene here in Eng- lande for Johan wycleues bokes, euer Johanwycleuesbokes. ſens the yeare of our lorde. M. CCC. LXXXII. Yet haue not one of them throughlye peryſhed. I haue at thys houre the tytles of a C. and XLIIII. of them, whych are manye more in nom- bre. For ſome of them vndre one tytle com prehendeth ij. bokes, ſome iii. some iiii. Yea, one of them contayneth xij. I thyn- ke not the contrarye, but ere the worlde be at a full ende, God wyll ſo gloryfyeCanonyſe that twentye tymes condempned here- tyke, execrated, curſed, ſpytted, and ſpat led at, that all your popyſh writers befo- re hys tyme and after, wyll be reckened but vyle ſwyneheardes to hym, for the good fauer he bare to Chriſtes holye Gospell. A verye madneſſe is it to ſtryue agaynſt The Preface of her agaynſt God, whan he wyll have the lon ge hydden inyquytees knowne. As the godlye wyſe man Gamaliel ſayd, Acto. gamaliel 5. lf thys enterpryſe that is now taken agaynſt yow, be of God, ye ſhall neuer be able with all your tyrannouſe practyſes to dyſſolue it.Now concernynge that bleſſed wo- Anne Aſkewe.man Anne Aſkewe, whych latelye ſuffe- red the tyrannye of thys worlde for ryght wiſneſſe sake. In Lyncolne ſhyre was ſhe borne of a verye auncyent and no- ble ſtocke, Sir Wyllyam Aſkewe a wor- thye knyght beynge her father. But no worthyneſſe in the flesh, neyther yet a- nye worldlye nobleneſſe anaylethauayleth to god warde, afore whome is no acceptacyon of perſone, Actorum 10. Onlye is it fay- True nobylyte.the with hys true loue and feare, whych maketh vs the accept, noble and wor- thye chyldren vnto God, Joan. 1. Wher- of by hys gyft, ſhe had wonderfull ha- bundaunce. Soch a won was ſhe, as Lydia.was Lydia the purple ſellar, whose har te the Lorde opened by the godlye prea chynge of Paule at Thyatira, Acto. 16. For dylygent hede gaue ſhe to hys wor de whan it was ones taught without ſu perſtycyon firſt examynacyon. 7 perſtycyon, &wolde no lõgar be a falſe worſhypper or ydolatour after the wyc- ked ſcole of Antichriſt. But became frõ thensfourth a true worſhypper, worſhyp pyng her Lorde God (whych is a ſprete & not breade) in ſprete & in veryte, accor- dynge to that worde of hys, Joan. 4. The Goſpell of Chriſt bare ſhe in her harte, as ded the holye mayde Cecilia, & neuer after ceaſed frõ the ſtodye therof, nor frõ godlye cõmunycacyon & prayer, tyll ſhe was clerlye by moſt cruell tormentes, ta ken from thys wretched worlde.By her do I here (dere fryndes in the lorde) as ded the faythfull Bretherne in Fraunce, at the eyries of Lyons and Vi- enna by a lyke faythfull yonge wo- man called Blandina. Whych was Blandina there put to deathe with. iij. myghtye companyons more amonge other (as thys was) for her Chriſtẽ beleue, about the yeare of our lorde, C. and LXX. in the prymatyue ſprynge of their Chri- ſtyanyte. They wrote vnto their Bre- therne in the landes of Asia and Phrygia verye farre of, her myghtye ſtronge ſuffe rynges for Chriſtes fayth, whych they kne we nothynge of afore. I write here vnto yow in The Preface of her yow in Englande the double proceſſe of thys noble woman, wherof ye are not ignora- unt, for ſo moche as it was there ſo ma- AnneAſkewe.nyfeſtlye done amonge yow. Coupled I haue theſe ij. examples togyther, bycau ſe I fynde them in ſo manye poyntes a- gree. Blandina was yonge and tender. So was Anne Aſkewe alſo. But that whych was frayle of nature in thẽ both, Chriſt made moſt ſtronge by hys grace. Blandina had iij. erneſt companyons in Compa-nyons.Chriſt, Maturus, Sanctes, and Atta- lus, ſo feruentlye faythfull as her ſelfe. So had Anne Aſkewe iij. fyrefyne fellawes, a gentylman called Johan Lassels her inſtructour, a preſte, and a tayler called Johan Adlam, men in Chriſtes veryte vnto the ende moſt cõſtaunt. With Blã Recãtersdina were in preſon, to the nombre of x. whych renyeddenyed the truthe and were cle- relye forſaken of God for it. How manye fell frõ Chriſt beſydes CromeEdward Crome (d. 1562), clergyman and religious controversialist. Although known for his political savvy in negotiating the dangerous waters of the reformist movement, in 1547 he attacked the doctrine of transubstantiation in sermons delivered at St Mary Aldermary and at the Mercer’s chapel, St Thomas Acon, preaching that the mass was a commemoration of Christs’ death. He was accused of heresy like Askew, seemed to submit but was urged not to by fellow reformers like Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Shaxton. He appeared at Paul’s Cross on 27 June to deliver an ambiguous apology. Askew, who had attended his sermons, was burned on 16 July. See Susan Wabuda, â€˜Crome, Edward (d. 1562)â€™, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/6749, accessed 22 Jan 2015]. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/6749 and Shax ton, whan Anne Aſkewe ſtode faſt by hym, I am vncerteyne. But I counſeil them, as ſaynt Johan counſelled the TryedGolde.Laodycyanes, in the myſerable eſtate they are now in, to bye them thronghthrough tryed golde of Chriſt, leaſt they peryſh all firſt examynacyon. 8 all togyther, Apoca. 3. If they had not ſtyll remayned in that chauncell, who- me Chriſt commaunded Johan in no wyſe to meaſure, Apoca. 11. They hadThe cha-uncell. neuer ſo ſhamefullye blaſphemed, lyke as Bedas alſo toucheth in hys former prophecye.Prompt was Blandina, and of moſt luſtye corage, in renderynge her lyfe for the lyberte of her faythe. No leſſe lyueCorage lye and quyck was Anne Aſkewe in all her enpryſonynges and tormẽntes. Great was the loue, Blandina had to Chriſt. No leſſe was the loue of Anne Aſkewe.Racked Blandina never faynted in torment. No more ded Anne Aſkewe in ſprete, whan ſhe was ſo terrybly racked of Wryſleye the chaunceller and Ryche, that the ſtryn ges of her armes and eyes were peryſhed. Blandina deryded the cruelte of the ty- rauntes. So ded Anne Aſkewe the mad neſſe of the Byſhoppes and their ſpeche men. Reade burnynge plates of yron and of braſſe had Blandina put to her ſydes. Burned. So had Anne Aſkewe the flamynge brã des of fyre. Full of God and hys veryte was Blandina. So was Anne Aſkewe to the verye ende. Chriſt wonderfullye tryumphed The Preface of her tryumphed in Blandina. So ded he in Anne Aſkewe, whan ſhe made no noyſe on the racke, and ſo erneſtlye afterwar- de rejoyced in hym. Blandina was ge- uen fourth to wylde beaſtes to be deuou- Beaſtes.red. So was Anne Aſkewe to cruel Bys hoppes & prestes, whom Chriſt calleth rauenynge wolues, deuourers, and the- ves. Math. 7. and Joan. 10. Blandina vpon the ſcaffolde boldelye reprehen- ded the pagane preſtes of their errour. So ded Anne Aſkewe whan ſhe was faſt tyed to the ſtake, with ſtomack rebu- ke that blaſphemouſe apoſtata Shaxtõ with the Byshoppes and preſtes genera Shaxtõ.cyon, for their manyfeſt mayntenaunce of ydolatrye.Blandina at the ſtake shewed a vyſa- ge vnterryfyed. So ded Anne Aſkewe a countenaunce ſtowte, myghtye and er- neſt. Infatygable was the ſprete of Blan dina. So was the ſprete of Anne Aſ kewe. The loue of Jesus Chriſt, the gyft Graces.of the holye Ghoſt, and hope of the crow ne of martyrdome, greatlye mytygated the payne in Blandina. So ded these iij. worthye graces, the terrour of all tor- mentes in Anne Aſkewe. The ſtronge ſprete firſt examynacyon. 9 ſprete of Chriſt gaue stomack to Blandi na, both to laugh and daunce. The same myghtye sprete (& not the popes deſpera te ſprete) made Anne Aſkewe both to reSprete. ioyce and ſynge in the preſon. So bolde was Blandina (sayth Eusebius) that with a preſumpcyõ of ſtomack ſhe cõmo ued’To move in mind or feeling, stir to emotion, rouse to passion; to excite.’OED. with Chriſt vnseane. I ſuppoſe Anne Aſkewes lattre examynacyõ, wyll ſhewe her, nor to do moche leſe. Gentyll was Hygh ſtomacke. Blãdina to the Chriſtẽ beleuers, & terry ble to their aduerſaryes. So was Anne Aſkewe verye lowlye to true teachers, but ſcornefull and hygh ſtomaked to the enemyes of truthe. Manye were conuer- ted by the ſufferaunce of Blandina. A farre greatter nombre by the burnynge of Anne Aſkewe. Though Blandina weMother re yonge, yet was ſhe called the mother of martyrs. Manye men haue ſuppoſed Anne Aſkewe. for her Chriſten conſtan- cye to be no leſſe. Blandina prayed for her perſecuters. So ded Anne Aſkewe moſt feruentlye. The aſhes of Blandina and of other martyrs, were throwne in- to the flood of Rhodanus. What was done with the Aſhes of Anne Aſkewe & her companyons, I can not yet tell. ٭ All The Preface of her All theſe former reportes of Blandi- na and manye more beſydes, hath Euſe- bius in Ecclesiastica historia, libro 5. Autorscap. 1. 2. & 3. Hugo Floriacensis, Her- mannus Contractus, Vincentius, Anto- ninus, Petrus Equilinus, and other hy- ſtoryanes more. And as touchynge Anne Aſkewe, these ij. examynacyons, with her other knowne handelynges in En- glande, are wytneſſes for her ſuffycyent. Not alldead.Thus hath not the fyre taken Anne Aſ- kewe all whole from the worlde, but left her here vnto it more pure, perfyght, & precyouſe than afore, as it wyll alſo Jo- han Lassels within ſhort ſpace. So that concernynge her, it maye wele be ſayd, that Paule verefyeth, 2. Cor. 12. The ſtrength of God is here made perfyght Weake-neſſe.by weakeneſſe. Whan ſhe ſemed moſt fe- ble, than was ſhe moſt stronge. And glad- lye ſhe reioyced in that weakeneſſe, that Chriſtes power myght ſtrongelye dwell in her. Thus choseth the lorde, the folyſh of thys worlde to confounde the wyſe, & the weake to deface the myghtye. Yea, thynges deſpyſed & thought verye vyle, to brynge thynges vnto nought whych the worlde hath in moſt hyght reputa- cyon. firſt examynacyon. 9 cyõ. I thynke yf thys martyr were ryght lye conferred, with thoſe canonyſed mar tyrs, whych haue had, and yet hath styll, ſenſynges and ſyngynges, maſſynges &Martyrs ryngynges ĩ the popes Englyſh churche, cauſe with cauſe and reaſon with rea- ſon (as haplye here after they ſhall) ſhe ſhuld be a great blemyſh vnto them. An example of ſtronge ſufferaunce myght thys holye martyr be, vnto all them thatExample the lorde ſhall after lyke maner put fo- rewarde in thys horryble furye of An tichriſt, to the glorye of hys per- ſecuted churche. Amen.
A table compendyouſe of thys firſt boke. 7 28 9 7. 10 13 47 8. 43 42 49 58. 60 The table. pre. 3 14 pre. 2. 8 36 pre. 7. 8. 9 pre. 5. 22. 43 42 pre. 6 18. 29. 42 18. 19. 20. 22 24 26 26 22. 23. 25 .29 38. 39 10. 16. 30 9 25 pre. 7. 8. 9 pre. 7 pre. 7 40 4 32 14 7. 30 4 11 Englande The table. 30 26 pre. 5. 6 pre. 3 36 26 pre. 9 pre. 2. 3 30 43 pre, 7. 14 14 26 9 20 pre. 2. 3 29 25 pre. 5. 22 11 pre. 9 45. 46 14 pre. 4 14 8 28 pre. 5. 22 ٭ iij Johan The Table. pre. 3. 4 pre. 6 30 45 21 pre. 3. 7 pre. 2 12. 21, 25 46 5. 42 45 46. 43 36 pre. 4 33. 35 7. 24. 26 35. 39 pre. 4 pre. 9 3. 36 7 21 6. 30 9 pre. 4.5 8 pre. 3. 4 36 Newe The table. pre. 4 pre. 6 42 11 pre. 4 45 17 14. 15 8. 14. 30. 43 9. 14 43. 44 44 13. 18. 22. 28. 40, 41. (42 4. 25 6. 12. 14 7 33. 34 6. 30 32. 38 14. 29 3. 5. 15. 28 pre. 8 2 pre. 7 7 pre. 4 2 43 Scripture A Table. 27. 28 pre. 7. 8 43 31 pre. 4 28 21. 22. 23. 31 9 pre. 4 pre. 3 pre. 6 25 30 37 21 36 pre. 7 8. 14 43 44 44 44 10 8God save the kynge.